The situation in Ukraine
Ukraine, after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, is an independent and sovereign state. The Orange Revolution, ending with the election of a more pro-Western politician, NATO enlargement and the Maidan
protest movement, ousting the Ukrainian President Yanukovyck from office, have been perceived by Russia as a “coup” orchestrated by the West. Russo-Ukrainian relations are relatively complicated. Russia
views Ukraine as a buffer zone and part of its sphere of influence. That is why Russia in order to prevent Ukraine from joining NATO and the EU -if not participated itself in the conflict- backed in 2014 separatists in the East of Ukraine and in Crimea, a territory later annexed by Russia. In response, the West imposed sanctions.
Currently, President Zelenskyy has adopted a more pro-Western foreign policy. From early 2022, concerns were expressed for the concentration of Russian troops close to the Ukrainian border. Eventually, on
February 24th, Russian troops invaded Ukraine for “special military operations” allegedly for "denazifying" the country and preventing the commission of genocide against Russian-speaking populations. Western
countries have imposed sanctions against Russia. After the failure of the Security Council to adopt a revolution, the matter was referred to a special emergency session of the General Assembly, which adopted a resolution condemning the invasion. The armed conflict is ongoing.
Bibliography and References
- Blavoukos, Spyros, Dimitris Bourantonis, and P. I. Tsakonas. Εξωτερικές Σχέσεις Της ΕΕ. (Athena:
Ekdoseis I. Sideres, 2019).
- Mearsheimer, John J. “The Case for a Ukrainian Nuclear Deterrent.” Foreign Affairs 72, no. 3 (1993):
- Mearsheimer, John J. “Why the Ukraine Crisis Is the West’s Fault: The Liberal Delusions That Provoked
Putin.” Foreign Affairs 93, no. 5 (2014): 77–89.
- Sonne, Paul, John Hudson, and Shane Harris. “U.K. Accuses Russia of Scheming to Install a Pro-Kremlin
Government in Ukraine.” Washington Post. The Washington Post, January 23, 2022.
- Ukraine, APPLICATION INSTITUTING PROCEEDINGS DISPUTE RELATING TO ALLEGATIONS OF GENOCIDE
(UKRAINE v. RUSSIAN FEDERATION), February 27, 2022.
- United Nations’ General Assembly, Draft Resolution A/ES-11/L.1, Aggression against Ukraine, (March
1st, 2022), https://documents-dds-
7. United Nations’ General Assembly, Resolution 377, Uniting for peace (3rd of November 1950),
8. “Biden Hits Russia with Broad Sanctions for Putin’s War in Ukraine.” The New York
Times, 2022. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/02/24/us/politics/biden-sanctions-russia-
9. “General Assembly Resolution Demands End to Russian Offensive in Ukraine.” UN News, March 2, 2022.
- 10. “Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights UKRAINE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION ODIHR
Election Observation Mission Final Report,” 2019.
11. “Orange Revolution | Ukrainian History | Britannica.” In Encyclopædia Britannica, 2022.
12. “Security Council Vote Sets up Emergency UN General Assembly Session on Ukraine Crisis.” UN News,
February 27, 2022. https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/02/1112842.
13. “Ukraine - the Crisis in Crimea and Eastern Ukraine | Britannica.” In Encyclopædia
Britannica, 2022. https://www.britannica.com/place/Ukraine/The-crisis-in-Crimea-and-eastern-Ukraine.